Islam

Islam The urban landscape of the city has been shaped by many communities. The most popular major religion is Islam. The first mosque had been built in Kadikoy on the Asian side of the city which had been conquered by the Ottomans in 1353. The first mosque on the European side had been built inside…

The Hippodrome

The Hippodrome The Hippodrome was built by the Romans in about 200 AD. It was the center of life in Byzantine Constantinople for over 1,000 years and of Ottoman life in Istanbul for over 400 years. It was also the center of numerous political and civil battles, some brutal. Very little of the Hippodrome survives…

Basilica Cistern

Basilica Cistern Basilica Cistern (Turkish: Yerebatan Sarnıcı – “Sunken Cistern”), is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns that lie beneath the city of Istanbul, Turkey. The enlarged cistern provided water for the Great Palace of Constantinople and other buildings on the first Hill and continued to provide water to the Topkapi Palace after the Ottoman…

Topkapi Palace

Topkapi Palace Topkapi palace is the most extensive monument in Turkish civil architecture. The monument occupies 700,000 m2 and is a building complex of courts, pavilions, mosques and fountains. The whole palace is surrounded by a strong wall. Its name “TOPKAPI” is a compound and means “Cannon Gate”.     When Mehmet ll conquered Istanbul in…