Turkish Fabrics

Turkish Fabrics

IkatTurkish fabrics loom large in the evolution of fabric with its weaving technique, specialty of material, pattern richness.

It is limited to tell about the origin of Turkish fabrics. The first samples of Turkish weaving art which has bright colors and rich ornaments can be seen at the pictures of the Buddhist caves in Eastern Turkestan where is on the border of China from 5th century A.D. A sample belonged to Anatolian Seljuk Turks is a fabric with a twin lion figure and medallion which has the written name of Aleaddin Keykubat in Lyon Museum. Some travelers like Ibni Battuta and Marco Polo mention about Seljuk’s fabrics highly. Also, human figures in tiles and miniatures had been embroidered as fabric patterns in detailed. The improvement of Ottoman fabrics can be seen from collections of Topkapi Palace and Mevlana Museums because of keeping minimum one of Ottoman Sultan’s caftans was a tradition. Because of the being manufacturers were under the close supervision and organization, Ottoman fabrics had reached to the highest quality. Turkish fabric technique had shown improvement in two sections as the fabrics which had been woven in public and others which had been woven in palace looms.

One of them is Ikat fabrics which had been used for costumes by Ottomans. Ikat probably developed in many different cultures independently. Probably, it is one of the oldest forms of central Asian textile decoration where the Turks had migrated from. Its weaving styles vary widely. Lots of design motives must have ethnic, ritual or specific meaning or have been developed for export trading. Traditionally, Ikat have been symbols of status, wealth, power and prestige in Turkish culture.