Hagia Sophia is Greek Orthodox name of the building. Latins call Sancta Sophia, Turks call Ayasofya. Officially It is Hagia Sophia Holy Grand Mosque and formerly It was Church of Hagia Sophia. It is a late antique church of worship in Istanbul. Greek geometers Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles had design the building as architectures. Emperor Justinian I had built the Hagia Sophia in 5 years between 532 and 537. It was the largest Imperial Church in the world until Seville Cathedral in 1520. It has the largest interior space with fully pendentive dome in the world.
Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is a former Orthodox Patriarchal Basilica. It was later a mosque for 500 years during Ottoman Empire. Ataturk had converted building to a museum and then a functional mosque in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome shows the epitome of Byzantine Architecture and It had to have “changed history of architecture.” It was the largest imperial church in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Seville Cathedral in 1520. On the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site.
Hagia Sophia during Ottoman era
In 1453, Ottomans had conquered Constantinople.And Sultan Mehmed II ordered the building to convert into a mosque. They had removed the bells, altar, iconostasis and sacrificial vessels from. Also Ottomans had plastered over many of the mosaics. The Islamic features such as the Mihrab, the Minbar and the four minarets outside were added over the course of its history under the Ottomans. It remained as a mosque until 1935, when it was converted into a museum by the Ataturk who is the founder of Republic of Turkey. Constantinople